What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of arthritis of the over 100 causes of arthritis. It is a noninflammatory type of joint pain that results from degenerative changes and loss of cartilage within the joint resulting in pain and stiffness but rarely swelling or warmth.
What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is characterized by a very gradual onset of increased pain and stiffness as well as decreased range of motion in the affected joints. The symptoms often increase with activity and improved with rest. Although you can get Osteoarthritis in any joint it is most common in the hands, knees, hips and spine.
How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?
Osteoarthritis is typically diagnosed clinically by means of a history and physical. Clinical suspicions are often confirmed with x-rays and labs to rule out other potential causes of joint pain.
How is Osteoarthritis treated?
Osteoarthritis is managed with a combination of medications, joint injections, as well as Physical and Occupational Therapy. Joint Replacement Surgery is a last resort for severe advanced Osteoarthritis that has not responded to treatment.